Art subjects in Nigerian secondary schools refer to creative courses that allow students to develop their talents in visual arts, music, dance, drama, and other forms of creative expression. Typical art subjects include Fine Art, Basic Art, Visual Art, Performing Arts, Music, Home Economics, and Technical Drawing.
These art subjects in Nigerian secondary schools allow students to nurture their creativity, cultural appreciation, dexterity, and performance skills. Art education is a key component of the curriculum intended to produce expressive, innovative, and well-rounded students.
What are the Arts subjects in Nigerian Secondary Schools?
Here is a list of art subjects in Nigerian secondary schools:
1. Fine Art
Fine Art is a visual art form focused primarily on aesthetics, creativity, and artistic expression. It includes mediums like painting, sculpture, drawing, printmaking, photography, and conceptual art.
Fine Art emphasizes technical mastery, imagination, vision, and emotional power rather than practical applications. It is appreciated for its beauty, meaning, and emotional impact. The term refers to the art created primarily for visual aesthetic purposes.
2. Visual Art
Visual Art refers to artistic creations that appeal primarily to the visual sense and typically exist in tangible form. It includes mediums like painting, sculpture, drawing, design, crafts, photography, video, filmmaking, and architecture.
Visual Art focuses on the creation of works that are aesthetically pleasing and communicate ideas through visual means. It requires creative imagination and technical skill in various visual media. The goal of Visual Art is to showcase artistic talent through visual compositions.
3. Applied art
Applied art refers to the application of artistic principles and skills to the design and decoration of functional objects. Unlike fine art, applied art has a practical purpose and includes crafts and designs meant to be used in everyday life.
It encompasses fields like industrial design, fashion design, graphic design, interior design, decoration, weaving, ceramics, furniture making, glassware, jewelry, metalwork, and woodworking. The goal of applied art is to create aesthetically appealing objects that serve practical functions in society.
4. Technical Drawing
Technical Drawing is a graphical language used to represent technical details and convey design information about an object accurately. It involves the use of precise lines, symbols, geometric constructions, orthographic projections, scales, and numeric and text annotations to represent the size, shape, form, function, and specifications of a product or component.
Technical drawings provide clear visual instructions about the structure, materials, measurements, and manufacturing of products. It serves as an essential form of communication in engineering, architecture, and manufacturing.
5. Basic Art
Basic Art refers to foundational courses that introduce students to the fundamental principles, materials, and techniques of art. It provides a broad overview of various art forms including drawing, painting, sculpture, design, printmaking, and crafts.
Basic Art courses aim to build creative skills and an appreciation of visual aesthetics. They teach the elements of art like line, shape, color, texture, form, value, and space. Basic Art establishes a core understanding of artistic concepts and serves as the groundwork for more advanced art courses.
Graphics refers to visual designs and representations intended to communicate messages and ideas in a clear, effective, and aesthetic manner. It includes images, texts, symbols, diagrams, and illustrations applied to physical or digital media.
Graphics make use of color, typography, visual arts, page layout techniques, and printing processes. It is used in fields like advertising, publishing, web design, video games, motion graphics, and product packaging.
Graphics enhance understanding, highlight important information, and make visual communications appealing. The goal is to convey meaning and make an impact through artistic visual elements.
7. Painting and Decoration
Painting and Decoration refers to the skilled trade of applying paint, wallpaper, stencils, and other coatings to protect and beautify the interior and exterior surfaces of residential, commercial, and industrial buildings.
It involves surface preparation, selection of paints and materials, application techniques, color mixing, decorative finishes, wallpaper hanging, and achieving visually appealing effects.
Painting and Decoration provides aesthetic enhancement, weather protection, improved sanitation, and distressing for walls and objects through the creative use of color, textures, and coatings.
8. Tie and Dye
Tie and dye is a traditional textile art technique used to produce colorful patterns on fabric. It involves folding, twisting, pleating, or crumpling fabric and binding it with string or rubber bands before dyeing. The resisted or tied areas retain the original fabric color while the exposed areas absorb the dye.
Tie and dye produce unique, intricate patterns like spirals, rings, stripes, and dots. It is a creative, ingenious way of transforming plain fabrics into vivid, decorative pieces. The process adds ornamental value and aesthetic appeal to cloth using resists and vibrant dyes.
Bleaching is a process of whitening or lightening the color of materials, especially textiles and paper. It is done by removing natural pigments and impurities to destroy color. Bleaching typically uses oxidizing agents like chlorine, peroxides, ozone, or sulfurous acid.
It lightens fabric to prepare it for dyeing or produces a desired white appearance.
Bleaching makes materials whiter, cleaner, and brighter by decolorizing and removing stains and discoloration. It has both aesthetic and cleaning purposes for fabrics, clothes, paper, and hair.
10. Clothing and Textiles
Clothing and Textiles refers to the study of garments, fabrics, and fibrous materials that are used to make clothing and other products. It encompasses knowledge of fibers, yarns, fabric construction methods, finishes, coloration, manufacturing processes, and design aesthetics related to apparel.
Clothing and Textiles focuses on the characteristics, care, production, and use of various textiles. It applies artistic and practical principles to the creation, selection and maintenance of clothing and textile products.
Music is the art of arranging sounds in time to produce compositions with aesthetic, emotional, and intellectual depth. It involves pitch, rhythm, melody, harmony, timbre, texture, structure, and expression conveyed through qualities like tempo, articulation, and dynamics.
Music combines creative imagination and technical skill to produce works spanning genres and styles. It is a universal language that uniquely evokes emotions and experiences.
Music is appreciated for artistic, cultural, and personal expression through the creation, performance, and perception of organized sound.
12. Performing arts
Performing arts are creative forms of expression and storytelling performed live in front of an audience. It includes dance, music, theater, opera, mime, spoken word, magic shows, and other performances. Performing arts communicate ideas, emotions, and artistic visions through techniques like speech, song, movement, and role-play.
It entails choreography, rehearsal, stagecraft, audience engagement, and collaboration between artists. Performing arts entertain, inspire imagination, enrich cultural heritage, and provide live entertainment as audiences experience stories, emotions, and creativity.
13. Home Economics
Home Economics is the study of home management, family and consumer sciences, household technology, nutrition, food preparation, textiles, clothing construction, and child development. It covers broad practical life skills related to finances, cooking, sewing, home environment, parenting, and healthy living.
Home Economics integrates knowledge from diverse fields to empower individuals and families to achieve optimal and sustainable living. It aims to prepare students with practical life competencies like financial literacy, nutrition, hospitality, crafts, caregiving, and overall well-being.
History is the study of past events leading up to the present day. It examines and analyzes the sequence of events, the development of civilizations, the origin of ideas, and cultures, changes in society, and the impact of significant people or discoveries.
History provides an understanding of how the past shaped current realities. It relies on research, archaeology, records, oral traditions, and other evidence to reconstruct and interpret the past. History develops critical thinking by discerning lessons, trends, and cause-and-effect relationships. Understanding history is key to promoting cultural literacy and an informed citizenry.
15. Garment design
Garment design involves the creation, planning, and production of clothing and apparel. It applies artistic and fashion principles to design styles, shapes, colors, fabrics, and decorative details for garments. Garment design requires knowledge of textiles, patternmaking, draping, construction, fit, and production methods.
The process combines sketching, illustration, and technical skills to design functional and aesthetically appealing garments that express creative themes and suit target markets. Garment designers create original clothing concepts, draft patterns, and bring fashion ideas to life in wearable pieces.
Metalwork refers to the skilled craft of designing, forging, and decorating objects made of metals like gold, silver, copper, tin, iron, and steel. It involves techniques like welding, machining, carving, enameling, engraving, polishing, and molding to create jewelry, furniture, sculpture, weapons, utensils, religious items, and more.
Metalwork combines artistry with materials science to produce decorative and functional works. It requires mastery of drafting, shaping, joining, and finishing processes to craft beautiful and durable metal pieces. The art of metalwork transforms raw metals into creative and practical artworks.
17. Literature in English
Literature in English refers to written creative works like novels, poetry, plays, and short stories produced originally in the English language. It includes fiction, non-fiction, drama, and poetry that utilize the English language to convey meaning aesthetically.
English literature embodies the cultural traditions, social perspectives, and artistic qualities of English-speaking populations. Studying notable English literature develops vocabulary, language skills, and an appreciation for the diversity of authors, time periods, and genres that comprise works in English.
18. Wood Work
Woodwork refers to the craft of making decorative and functional objects out of wood. It involves techniques like carving, joining, laminating, and lathe work to construct, finish, and repair wooden items. Woodwork encompasses cabinet making, furniture building, carpentry, joinery, and wood carving.
Working with wood requires understanding the properties of different tree species, grains, and textures. Woodwork combines material knowledge, patience, and hand skills to fashion, shape, and beautify wood into creative projects or useful products. It produces aesthetically pleasing and long-lasting wood crafts, structures, and architectural details.
19. General Metal Work
General metalwork refers to the broad category of fashioning objects from metal materials through different techniques of cutting, joining, engraving, polishing, forging, casting, and machining. It involves working with ferrous and non-ferrous metals like steel, iron, aluminum, brass, copper, tin, silver, gold etc.
General metalwork includes skills like welding, fitting, sheet metal working, foundry, bench work, and mechanical work. It produces functional and decorative items made from metal components assembled, finished, and decorated using an array of metalworking skills, tools, and processes.
20. French Language
French is a Romance language originating from France and spoken as an official language in over two dozen countries. It developed from various dialects of Vulgar Latin during the Medieval era. French is characterized by its phonology, tense verbal system, and influence from native Celtic and Frankish languages.
As a major world language, French has a rich literary tradition and is used internationally for diplomacy, commerce, culture, and academia. Learning French enhances understanding of francophone cultures and provides access to French literature, media, and over 220 million speakers worldwide.
21. Welding and Fabrication
Welding and fabrication involve joining and assembling metal parts using various techniques to build structures, components, and end products. It employs processes like arc welding, gas welding, brazing, soldering, thermal cutting, and mechanical fastening.
Welding permanently joins metals by melting and fusing materials together. Fabrication shapes component pieces through cutting, bending, machining, and assembling. Welding and fabrication are essential for constructing infrastructure, equipment, machinery, vehicles, and consumer products out of metal.
22. Igbo Language
Igbo is a tonal language native to the Igbo people of southeastern Nigeria. With over 24 million speakers, it is one of the three official Nigerian languages along with English and Nigerian Pidgin. Igbo is part of the Benue-Congo language family and is written in the Latin script.
It has a syllable structure of consonant vowel or vowel alone. Igbo is characterized by an abundance of vowel sounds, idiophones, and complex nasalization. It has a rich vocabulary and idioms that capture Igbo culture and oral traditions. Igbo remains an important ethnic identity marker and communication tool in Nigeria.
23. Yoruba Language
Yoruba is a tonal language native to West Africa and predominantly spoken in Nigeria by the Yoruba people. With over 40 million speakers globally, it is one of the three major languages of Nigeria. Yoruba is part of the Volta-Niger branch of the Niger-Congo family of languages.
It has a syllabic nasal phonology and deep orthography. Yoruba strongly reflects the complex history of its speakers via loanwords. It is written in the Latin alphabet and has an extensive body of poetry, short stories, novels, and drama. Yoruba continues to be a vital means of cultural expression in Nigeria and beyond.
24. Hausa Language
Hausa is a Chadic language spoken by the Hausa people primarily in northern Nigeria and Niger. It is one of the most widely spoken languages in West Africa and serves as a lingua franca in much of the region.
Hausa developed as a trade language and contains many loanwords from Arabic. It is written in both the Latin script and an Arabic script called Ajami.
25. Christian Religious Knowledge
Christian Religious Knowledge (CRK) is the study of the beliefs, practices, and teachings of Christianity. It aims to provide students with an understanding of the Bible, Christian theology, church history, ethics, and how the Christian faith relates to contemporary society and issues.
CRK seeks to impart knowledge and develop skills to critically analyze and apply Christian principles.
26. Islamic Religious Knowledge
Islamic Religious Knowledge is the study of the Islamic faith, its history, practices, and sacred texts. It encompasses subjects like Quranic studies, Hadith literature, Islamic law, Islamic history, and the life of the Prophet Muhammad.
The goal is to give students a comprehensive understanding of the religion of Islam.