6 Types of Social Studies in Nigeria 2024/2025

6 Types of Social Studies in Nigeria
6 Types of Social Studies in Nigeria

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Social studies is an important part of the academic curriculum in Nigeria. It is a subject that integrates various disciplines in the social sciences and humanities, including history, geography, economics, politics, sociology, and anthropology. The goal of social studies is to promote civic competence and critical thinking in students by developing their understanding of society and the world around them.

In Nigeria, social studies was formally introduced into the education system after the country gained independence in 1960. The subject has evolved over the years along with changes in the national curriculum. Today, social studies is a core subject taught at the basic education level in Nigerian schools. It aims to equip students with knowledge of their history and culture, human relationships, economic activities, governance, and citizenship. Students also gain skills for critical inquiry, communication, collaboration, and problem-solving through social studies.

What are the Examples of social studies?

Some of the main types of social studies include:

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1. History

The study of past events, people, cultures, and how they have shaped the world today. This includes areas like world history, European history, American history, and the history of specific places, events, or people. It examines primary source documents to understand the causes and effects of major events.

2. Geography

The study of the land, physical features, natural resources, climate, and environment of the Earth’s surface. This includes areas like physical geography (the study of ecosystems, and landforms), human geography (the study of people, migration, and population), and geopolitics (the influence of geography on human conflict/interactions).

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3. Political Science

The systematic study of governments, policies, political processes, systems, and political behaviors. It examines ideologies, institutions, globalization, law, and political theory related to how power and resources are distributed in local, national, and international contexts.

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4. Economics

The study of the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services. This includes areas like macroeconomics (study of the economy as a whole), microeconomics (study of individuals and firms), and econometrics (use of mathematical and statistical methods).

5. Sociology

The study of societies and human social behavior and interactions. It seeks to understand society’s institutions, cultures, and organizations and how humans group in different settings.

6. Anthropology

The study of human culture and societies in the past and present. It examines language, religions and belief systems, arts, sciences, government, economics, and more across different civilizations and people groups.

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